Abstract The burden of indebtedness in rural India is great, and falls mainly on the households of rural working people. Rural households need credit for a variety of reasons.
Economics A tidal wave of extreme energy extraction is sweeping across the globe, of which unconventional oil and gas extraction colloquially known as fracking is a major component.
It is being driven by the progressive depletion of easier to extract fossil fuels which is leading to the exploitation of increasingly harder to extract resources.
This process in itself has severe effects on human societies but the more immediate effects where the extraction takes place are becoming all too obvious. Globally, we can afford to burn considerably less than half perhaps only a quarter of known conventional fossil fuel reserves and still have some chance of maintaining a liveable planet.
Any exploitation of unconventional fossil fuels is putting the world on a path to a devastated future.
That said, the cumulative effect of all the local impacts spread over the vast areas needed by fracking cannot be underestimated.
If we do not make a stand fracking will Problems of industrialisation us into a hellish future. While fracking is bad it is also very short term, and the greatest threat it poses is actually as a gateway to even more extreme extraction methods. The UK government is already selling licences for Underground Coal Gasification UCGliterally setting fire to coal underground, to try to extract energy.
This post links to news articles rather than the scientific studies on which they are often based to make it accessible to as many people as possible. If you have suggestions for additional material you can submit links to stories, groups and reference websites herescientific reports and evidence here.
If you find broken links or are aware of issues we have missed out please email outreach frack-off. How the Natural Gas Industry Poisons Cows and Crops Alternet, July 28 cows quarantined at a farm in Shippen Township, Pennsylvania after a leak from a ,gallon fracking disposal pit exposed them to water containing the heavy metal strontium Wildlife Pronghorn Antelope In The Upper Green River Basin, Wyoming Which Are Threatened By Thousands Of Fracking Sites Fragmenting Their Habitat Click To Enlarge Fracking requires thousands of miles of pipelines, roads, drilling pads and related infrastructure which is fragmenting ecosystems, while pollution and waste also pose a severe threat to wildlife Northeast drilling boom threatens forest wildlife Associated Press, April Thousands of miles of new pipelines and related infrastructure are fragmenting ecosystems and threatening to wildlife in Pennsylvania U.
Natural Gas Fracking Is Destroying Pennsylvania Forests Natural Gas Watch, October Natural gas drilling activity is destroying thousands of acres of forest in Pennsylvania, with habitat fragmentation by roads, drilling pads, pipelines and other infrastructure development associated with fracking, according to a U.
Methane probed in NW Pa.
Man-Made Earthquakes Update US Geological Survey, July The number of earthquakes has increased dramatically over the past few years within the central and eastern United States and USGS scientists have found that the increase coincides with the injection of fracking wastewater in deep disposal wells Study links fracking wastewater to massive Oklahoma quake Raw Story, March A study links the magnitude 5.
Matt Mead announces plan to plug 1, abandoned oil and gas wells Casper Star-Tribune, December Wyoming has more than 1, orphaned oil and gas wells, an additional wells likely to become orphaned from ongoing bankruptcy proceedings and another 2, wells of concern, many left over from declining coal-bed methane production in the Powder River Basin, which the state will need to pay to be plugged Abandoned, Polluting, and Costly: EarthDesk, September New York regulators estimate there are 57, abandoned and orphan oil and gas wells statewide — many of them leaking, risking explosions and providing conduits for water contamination, but lack the funding to plug them Planet Sludge: Millions of Abandoned, Leaking Natural Gas and Oil Wells to Foul Our Future EcoHearth, May Each day hundreds of thousands of abandoned leaking oil wells and natural-gas wells spew toxic pollutants into the environment — and tens of millions more will soon join them, a developing environmental calamity to which almost no one is paying attention.State: State, political organization of society, or the body politic, or, more narrowly, the institutions of government.
The state is a form of human association distinguished from other social groups by its purpose, the establishment of order and security; its methods, the laws and their enforcement; its.
The first effect of plastic waste is a visual impact: debris washed up on the banks of rivers, beaches, piles of floating objects at sea.
But some less directly apparent effects are also more severe. Edward VI Edward (pictured - from the portrait by William Scrots) was born to Henry and Jane Seymour in October , so he was just nine years old when he became king in January Because of his age, his reign was administered by a Regency Council led first by his uncle, Edward Seymour, and later by John Dudley.
Mar 29, · Families and households. Because of high birth rates and improving life expectancy, Victorian families were generally large.
The growth of residential domestic . Governments in various countries, irrespective of the country׳s level of economic growth, seek to initiate macroeconomic policies towards achieving better economic performance in order to advance level of business activities and ultimately, ensure better quality of life for the people.
Problems of the Rural Poor in India - Future Perspective: By N. Kavitha MBA, alphabetnyc.com, (Ph.D) (Research Scholar in Mother Teresa Women's University, Kodaikkanal).